Turbo Pascal version 1.0 was released on November 20, 1983. There was a lot going on throughout 1983 during the time of Turbo Pascal’s development and first shipment. Here are a few computer industry milestones that took place in 1983.
- Apple Computer unveils the Lisa computer.
- AT&T announces Unix System V.
- Borland International is founded by Philippe Kahn (May 1983).
- Lotus Development ships Lotus 1-2-3 Release 1.0 for MS-DOS. [David I note: Spencer Leyton (helped get me my job at Borland in June 1985) and I got to play with 1-2-3 before it was announced as we were working at Softsel Computer Products which was the sole distributor for 1-2-3 in the US. ]
- IBM announces the IBM PC XT (also called the Model 5160).
- Microsoft introduces Microsoft Word.
- Microsoft gives a demonstration of Interface Manager, later called Windows. [David I note: while I was working at Softsel Computer Products, I went up to visit Microsoft where we were shown an early version of Windows. During the presentation and demonstration the product manager (I don't remember his name) mentioned how cool it was that the system could find open real estate on the screen to tile application windows as they started. Bill Gates was also in the room. Somewhere along the way I asked why it was called Windows when it was tiled. Bill snapped back that the applications were running in separate Windows!]
- Coleco announces the Coleco Adam video game system at the Summer Consumer Electronics Show. [ David I. note - I was there. I saw it. But you couldn't touch it, the Adam was inside a sealed plastic display. No disk drive, it had a magnetic tape for storage.]
- Bjarne Stroustrup and a team of software engineers at AT&T Bell Labs design the programming language C++.
- Novell introduces the NetWare network operating system for the IBM PC.
- IBM announces the IBM PCjr, chicklet keyboard and all.
- Philips and Sony develop the CD-ROM
- Apple Computer introduces the Apple IIe.
- Time magazine selects the microcomputer as its "Man" of the Year.
- Atari introduces the 1200XL home computer.
- Osborne Computer introduces the Osborne Executive portable computer (Osborne Computer would file for chapter 11 bankruptcy a few months later).
- Compaq Computer begins shipping the Compaq Portable PC.
- Radio Shack announces its TRS-80 Model 100 portable computer.
- Microsoft announces MS-DOS 2.0 for PCs. (MS-DOS 1.0 was Tim Paterson’s, Seattle Computer Products, DOS).
- Sony Electronics announces the 3.5 inch floppy disk and drive.
- Gavilan introduces the Gavilan Mobile Computer.
- Non-Linear Systems (later renamed to Kaypro Computer) introduces the Kaypro 4.
- Zilog announces the Z80000.
- Starcom releases Dragon’s Lair to arcade centers (the first laser-disc based arcade game).
- IBM and Microsoft begin co-developing OS/2,
- Digital Research introduces enhanced CP/M-86 for the IBM PC.
- George Tate, of Ashton-Tate, buys all rights to dBase II from Wayne Ratcliff (Borland in 1991 would acquire Ashton-Tate and dBase).
I will never forget that day in November when I first met Philippe Kahn at Comdex Las Vegas and he gave me copies of Turbo Pascal version 1.0 (on 8" CP/M and 5.25" MS-DOS disks).
There were many other events that happened both inside and outside the computer industry during 1983. Too many milestones to list in this blog post. If you have your favorite 1983 computer milestones, add then in comments to this blog post.